Bone material has the amazing ability to regenerate completely, but in some cases the damaged bone requires some assistance to do so properly. A bone grafting procedure is a desirable way to replace lost bone matter – suffered from periodontal disease, poorly-crafted dentures, and facial trauma – and encourage natural bone growth and regeneration. Bone grafting is a widely-used and versatile procedure. The most common use of bone grafting is in dental restorations.
In cases where periodontal disease has negatively-impacted bone structures around the teeth and mouth region, a bone grafting procedure is often performed. Bone grafting creates a fixed support structure for the placement of dental implants, to arrest the progression of gum disease, or to reshape areas of the jaw and mouth so that your natural smile is more aesthetically pleasing.
Bone grafting material can be sourced from a number of different areas. In certain cases, bone material can be removed from the pelvis, the chin, and other areas of the jaw. These are called Autogenous bone grafts. Some bone material for use in grafting procedures is man made in a laboratory. This synthetic bone graft is called an Allograft.
In the dental industry, there are several different reasons for bone grafting procedures. The following are the most common:
- For the support of Dental Implants, where the implants replace areas of missing teeth, bone grafting is performed to strengthen the implant site and restore functionality to the mouth.
- In cases of a Sinus Lift, where it is necessary to use a bone graft to elevate the sinus membrane by grafting bone to the sinus floor, and ensure that implants are securely placed.
- As part of a Ridge Augmentation, where bone grafting is applied to give a uniform shape to ridges in the jawbone that have been created by periodontal disease, injury, or birth defects.
- For Nerve Repositioning procedures, where the placement of dental implants calls for a relocation of the inferior alveolar nerve, a bone grafting procedure is applied to sustain sensation in the lower chin and lip.
In periodontal restorations, bone grafting is a highly successful, simple procedure that is often performed under no more than local anesthetic. If you have any questions about your bone grafting procedure, please speak to Dr.’s Movaghari and Urteaga during your next consultation.